Humans require sleep once every few hours to overcome the rigors of the day. It is the period when the mind and body relaxes, reducing the amount of external stimuli that a human perceives. The process is basically to invigorate and reenergize, thereby prepare the system to tackle further strains of the day.But when there is a disturbance in this sleep-wake cycle, a lot of complications begin to pop up.A person can have less sleep, more sleep, disturbed sleep or often sleep at random instances, all leading to the body mechanism to endure glitches of various sorts. Fatigue, depression, stress are some of the problems that an individual can face as a consequence of a sleeping disorder.
There are so many different types of sleeping disorders and each has its own set of causes. Insomnia, Narcolepsy, SWSD are just a few kinds of sleeping disorders and many of these disorders are often not recognizedby the affected people as a danger to their overall health, till they develop multiple problems as a result of a poor sleep pattern.
When a person is unable to fall asleep or remain asleep as long as the body requires, that individual is said to be affected by Insomnia. Narcolepsy is the inability of the brain to maintain a proper sleep-wake cycle. People affected by Narcolepsy fall asleep whenever they are in a relaxing surrounding and they have very little control over their sleep pattern. Shift Work Sleep Disorder or SWSD is when an individual suffers from both Insomnia and excessive sleeping at different instances.
Sleeping disorders can happen due to a plethora of reasons, from physical to psychological. Environmental factors such as too much light or noise, uncomfortable and messy surroundings can also contribute to sleep deprivation. Insomnia can be caused by some underlying illness, certain types of medications and even a forced disturbance in the sleep cycle, like jet lag or changing work shifts. Genetics plays a role in individuals affected by Narcolepsy. Almost all sleeping disorders can be caused by anxiety, depression and emotional distress. Sleeping disorders themselves can cause stress and depression, making it a cyclic problem.
Life style changes with a regularized sleep pattern and avoidance of stressful situations are fundamental when dealing with sleeping disorders. Some disorders like Narcolepsy cannot be cured, but can be effectively treated with therapy and medications. Melatonin supplements, Cognitive Behavioral therapy, Bright Light therapy are some treatment methods for SWSD and Insomnia suffers.
Certain medications are also prescribed along with the aforementioned treatment methods to handle different sorts of sleeping disorders. Among them, Ambien is a popular sleep inducing medication, prescribed by a majority of doctors. It is an oral medication and a sedative that should only be consumed as per the doctor’s recommended dosage. Sleeplessness is generally caused by the imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain and this pill affects these chemicals, rectifying the imbalance, thereby enabling the consumers to sleep. There are different forms of the medication, with one making the individual fall asleep instantly at its consumption and another that will gradually bring about sleep. People with a history of psychological problems, apnea, lung, liver and heart diseases are requested to consult a doctor before taking this pill.
Imovane is another well sought after hypnotic. It isnonbenzodiazepine agent used to help people struggling with Insomnia. It works by tranquilizing the central nervous system and it is sold as a sleeping pill, which is normally not provided without a prescription. The pill is not recommended for prolonged use as the body can get used to the effects of the pill. It comes in 3.75mg, 5mg and 7.5mg and your physician should choose which is most suitable to your condition. People with allergic reactions to benzodiazepine medications, with liver disease, apnea or suffering from breathing difficulties are not recommended this pill.